Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Seizures

There is a common association between Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and seizures. Seizures can occur soon after a head injury or months (or even years later). If a patient has more than one seizure, the condition is labeled post-traumatic epilepsy and it carries a worse prognosis. What exactly is a seizure? The public is aware… Continue Reading


Traumatic Brain Injury and The Ruptured Globe

The vast majority of the information presented in this blog describes head injury and concussion’s impact on visual function. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can disturb eyesight independent of damage to the eyeball. The close connection between the eye and brain has been highlighted. However, there are instances where the eyeball itself can be injured directly.… Continue Reading


Angle Recession Glaucoma and Eye Trauma

This blog most frequently concentrates on subjects that directly link the eye and the brain. However, head and facial trauma can involve direct injury to the eye. Automobile accidents can cause direct trauma to the face. In particular, airbag deployment can prevent fatal brain injury but often cause eye injuries. This has been documented in… Continue Reading


Whiplash and Visual Symptoms

Approximately half of whiplash victims have problems with vision. These are not necessarily patients with head injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)- these are patients who experience what is termed in medicine “whiplash associated disorder” (WAD). As you know I am an ophthalmologist, so I read the most prestigious peer-reviewed academic journal: Ophthalmology, The Journal… Continue Reading


Glasgow Coma scale and TBI

The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was created in 1974 by academics Bryan Jennet and Graham Teasdale to evaluate coma and impaired consciousness in an emergency setting. The scale employs three clinical findings: eye response, motor (muscle) response and verbal response. Scores ranged from 3 (deep coma) to 15 (fully aware). The desire was to create… Continue Reading


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Children

This week the The Center for Disease Control (CDC) released a detailed report to Congress describing the effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on children. This blog has been committed to providing the latest news on a very hot topic. The public is paying attention, and Congress wanted answers. The news is not good. Children… Continue Reading


Flashing Lights and Traumatic Brain Injury

Many patients experience flashing lights when they experience significant head trauma. Flashing lights which are transient and well-connected to an immediate episode of head injury are usually of little consequence. Often individuals see stars in front of their eyes or strange visual patterns related to the traumatic episodes. What if unusual visual phenomenon or hallucinations… Continue Reading


Traumatic Brain Injury and Visual Fatigue

After head injuries, a traumatic brain injury, people often say their eyes are “tired.” If that seems vague, it is vague to me as well. Eye doctors want more specific information, but the complaint is real and common. Patients often state they want to close their eyes, they can only work on the computer for… Continue Reading


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